Weekly Review — August 31, 2004, 12:00 am

Weekly Review

[Image: Devils seizing their prey.]

Two government reports, one civilian and one military, were issued on the Abu Ghraib torture scandal. The Army reported that military intelligence officers and civilian contractors were deeply involved in the abuse; the civilian report went to great lengths to avoid the logical conclusion that the Bush White House had created the conditions (legal, operational, and military) that directly led to the Abu Ghraib horrors. Both reports found that many of the techniques employed at Abu Ghraib originated in CIA torture chambers in Afghanistan.New York TimesArmy investigators discovered that military police dogs were used to terrify teenage Iraqi prisoners as part of a game. The object of the game was to make the youths urinate on themselves. “It had nothing to do with interrogation,” said an unnamed Army officer. “It was just them on their own being weird.”Agence France-PresseA lawmaker in California threatened to require performers in pornographic films to wear condoms.New York TimesMilitary trials were underway at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba.New York TimesScientists found that when fruit flies are missing one of two genes that control the circadian clock, they have much greater sexual endurance. “What has been found in fruit flies,” said one of the study’s authors, “turns out to be true in humans in many ways.”Science DailyA Sudanese sheikh accused of being a leader of the Janjaweed militias that have been killing and raping black farmers in Darfur admitted that he had been “appointed” by his government to “defend their land.”TelegraphSheep, scientists found, feel calmer when they look at a picture of another sheep of the same breed.New Scientist

Hundreds of thousands of people marched in New York City to denounce George W. Bush and his policies, particularly the war in Iraq.ReutersPresident Bush declared that John Kerry is a bigger hero: “I think him going to Vietnam was more heroic than my flying fighter jets.”ReutersThe Census Bureau reported that there were 35.8 million Americans living in poverty in 2003, an increase of 1.3 million over 2002, and that the number of people without health insurance rose from 43.5 million to 45 million.ABC NewsSir Mark Thatcher, the 51-year-old son of Baroness Margaret Thatcher, the former British prime minister, was arrested in South Africa under suspicion of financing an attempted coup in Equatorial Guinea.BBC, TelegraphColombian police discovered a genetically engineered variety of coca plant that produces up to four times more cocaine than the traditional varieties.TelegraphMoktada al-Sadr’s militia surrendered the shrine of Imam Ali, U.S. tanks withdrew, and Iraqi ambulances began to recover the decaying bodies of casualties.Washington PostIraqi saboteurs attacked two oil pipelines.ReutersNine children and one adult were killed in a school bombing in Afghanistan’s Paktia province, and severalReuterspeople died in a truck bombing in front of a security company in Kabul; the Taliban claimed responsibility.ReutersTwo Russian airliners were destroyed by suicide bombers, and peopleGuardianin Chechnya apparently elected Vladimir Putin’s choice for president, though there was widespread evidence of fraud.GuardianGeneral Augusto Pinochet was stripped of his legal immunity by Chile’s supreme court.BBC

A federal judge in New York City ruled that the Partial Birth Abortion Act is unconstitutional.NewsdayDick Cheney said that he opposes a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage; he explained that he has a gay daughter and that marriage policy is best left to the states.Washington PostSocial workers in Winnipeg, Manitoba, were handing out crack pipes to addicts as part of a “harm-reduction strategy.”Globe and MailA Bush Administration report on global climate change admitted that human activity is responsible for global warming.New ScientistElisabeth Kubler-Ross died.Associated PressA study found that women who drink more than one soft drink per day are more likely to develop diabetes.Associated PressPolio continued to spread in Africa.New York TimesA new study showed that the air pollution created by cigarettes is 10 times worse than diesel exhaust.New ScientistDust storms were on the increase, and theNew Scientisthead of the EPA said that fish in almost all lakes and rivers and streams in the United States are contaminated with mercury, for which there is no safe exposure level.New York TimesScientists created genetically engineered mice that can run farther and longer than normal mice.Associated PressThe United States for the first time issued an outline for a plan for possible actions that might be taken to prepare to respond to an influenza pandemic.New York TimesCanadian fisheries experts found that Puget Sound orcas are contaminated with fire retardants, andAssociated PressJapanese seismologists predicted that Tokyo will be hit with a major earthquake within the next 50 years.Associated PressIt was reported that a janitor at Tate Modern in London threw out a work of art because he thought it was just a bag of garbage; the artwork, entitled “Recreation of First Public Demonstration of Auto-Destructive Art,” was in fact a bag of garbage.ReutersSwiss researchers found that people really do enjoy revenge.Reuters

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I sat in a taxi with Emma and her son, Stak, all three bodies muscled into the rear seat, and the boy checked the driver’s I.D. and immediately began to speak to the man in an unrecognizable language.

I conferred quietly with Emma, who said he was studying Pashto, privately, in his spare time. Afghani, she said, to enlighten me further.

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