SIGN IN to access Harper’s Magazine
1. Sign in to Customer Care using your account number or postal address.
2. Select Email/Password Information.
3. Enter your new information and click on Save My Changes.
Subscribers can find additional help here. Not a subscriber? Subscribe today!
On the eve of Memorial Day 2007, Vice President Richard Cheney addressed the graduating class at the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York. Dick Cheney’s generation was called to service in a war in Indochina. Dick Cheney had “better things to do.” In his remarks, Cheney states:
As Army officers on duty in the war on terror, you will now face enemies who oppose and despise everything you know to be right, every notion of upright conduct and character, and every belief you consider worth fighting for and living for. Capture one of these killers, and he’ll be quick to demand the protections of the Geneva Convention and the Constitution of the United States. Yet when they wage attacks or take captives, their delicate sensibilities seem to fall away. These are men who glorify murder and suicide. Their cruelty is not rebuked by human suffering, only fed by it. They have given themselves to an ideology that rejects tolerance, denies freedom of conscience, and demands that women be pushed to the margins of society. The terrorists are defined entirely by their hatreds, and they hate nothing more than the country you have volunteered to defend.
For more than two hundred years, America’s citizen-soldiers have been called to duty to defend and uphold the Constitution. America’s armies gave birth to the ideas enshrined in the Geneva Conventions. America’s political leaders made them the law for the world. Now a vice president of the United States presents these things as apparent weaknesses or vulnerabilities; as a foolish legacy not to be carried forward. In so doing, he dishonors the memory of those who fought and died to uphold these values.
And it’s worse than that. The honor of our nation’s armed forces has been stained by the introduction of the hideous practice of torture. One man before all others is the author of this perversity: Richard Cheney. Others were complicit. But the initiative and drive came from Cheney and continue to have their source with him. Richard Cheney is a war criminal who has betrayed a sacred legacy. His appearance at West Point was an affront to the institution, and to its motto: duty, honor, country.
So, as Memorial Day arrives, let us remember Americans who served whose lives and examples show the grave error of Dick Cheney and the radical falsity of his pronouncements.
Let us remember George Washington, the nation’s first commander in chief, who made the humane treatment of prisoners the essence of his army’s honor; who held that no prisoner should ever be subjected to shame or ridicule for his religion, and ordered that Americans in uniform would respect the absolute freedom of conscience and confession of all those in their custody.
Let us remember Abraham Lincoln, who saw the importance of America’s moral example in the world as the bearer of Washington’s legacy for humane warfare; Lincoln who gave us General Orders No. 100, the progenitor of the Geneva Conventions, including the standing order that torture would never, under any circumstances, be permitted.
Let us remember Francis Lieber, who advised Lincoln and crafted these rules, a veteran of the battle of Waterloo, the father of soldiers wearing both blue and gray uniforms in the Civil War, including Major Norman Lieber, a wounded hero of the Civil War, head of the Law Department at West Point, and law of war advisor to President McKinley, who paved the way for the Hague Convention process.
Let us remember Theodore Roosevelt, who led the charge up San Juan Hill in the Spanish American War, but also who mediated the Russo-Japanese peace and who launched and drove the process leading to the Hague Convention on Land Warfare;
Let us remember Dwight David Eisenhower, who led Allied Forces to victory over the Fascist menace, who pushed for a restatement of the Geneva Conventions to address the horrors of World War II, to give teeth to the resolve that these tragedies would never be repeated, who reminded us that “Peace and Justice are two sides of the same coin.”
Let us remember the many soldiers and officers still unknown who have stood for the values of their nation in bravely opposing the policies of torture and abuse imposed by Dick Cheney and Donald Rumsfeld, and the many soldiers and officers who have suffered repression as a result, and especially Col. Ted Westhusing, the Army’s leading ethicist and Capt. Ian Fishback, both West Point alumni, who had the courage to speak out against the mistreatment of prisoners.
The notion of honor in America’s military is not gone. But it is under heavy siege today. Memorial Day is the time to stand on the side of those who would uphold the best of the past, and against those who would adopt the ways and thinking of the enemy.
More from Scott Horton:
Conversation — March 30, 2016, 3:44 pm
Joseph Hickman discusses his new book, The Burn Pits, which tells the story of thousands of U.S. soldiers who, after returning from Iraq and Afghanistan, have developed rare cancers and respiratory diseases.
Freddie Gray’s relatives arrived for the trial in the afternoon, after the prep-school kids had left. By their dress, they seemed to have just gotten off work in the medical and clerical fields. The family did not appear at ease in the courtroom. They winced and dropped their heads as William Porter and his fellow officer Zachary Novak testified to opening the doors of their police van last April and finding Freddie paralyzed, unresponsive, with mucus pooling at his mouth and nose. Four women and one man mournfully listened as the officers described needing to get gloves before they could touch him.
The first of six Baltimore police officers to be brought before the court for their treatment of Freddie Gray, a black twenty-five-year-old whose death in their custody was the immediate cause of the city’s uprising last spring, William Porter is young, black, and on trial. Here in this courtroom, in this city, in this nation, race and the future seem so intertwined as to be the same thing.
Number of Turkish college students detained in the last year for requesting Kurdish-language classes:
Turkey was funding a search for Suleiman the Magnificent’s heart.
A former prison in Philadelphia that has served as a horror-movie set was being prepared as a detention center for protesters arrested at the upcoming Democratic National Convention, and presumptive Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump fired his campaign manager.
Subscribe to the Weekly Review newsletter. Don’t worry, we won’t sell your email address!
“Matt was happy enough to sustain himself on the detritus of a world he saw as careening toward self-destruction, and equally happy to scam a government he despised. 'I’m glad everyone’s so wasteful,' he told me. 'It supports my lifestyle.'”