No Comment, Quotation — November 22, 2008, 9:55 am

Plato on the Punishment of the Unjust

el-greco-laokoon

???’???’ ????????? ?? ???? ???????… ?????????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??????–???’ ?? ????? ???? ????????, ??? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ?? ???????. ??? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????. ???? ?? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ???????: ???????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ????????. ???? ???, ? ??????, ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ???????, ?????? ?? ???????, ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????????????, ?? ?’ ??, ??? ?? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ?????: ????? ??? ??? ????? ? ????????? ????? ?????, ?? ???? ????????: ?? ?? ?????? ??? ???????. ???? ?????? ??????? ??????, ???’ ?? ???? ?? ???????????, ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????????? ????? ? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ???????????. ???? ????? ??? ? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????????. ? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???????, ? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????: ?? ?’ ????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????, ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????, ???’ ?? ???? ?? ???????????, ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????????? ????? ? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ???????????. ???? ????? ??? ? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????????. ? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???????, ? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????: ?? ?’ ????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????, ?? ?? ??????? ????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ? ????????? ????? ?????’ ???? ?? ?? ????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????: ?????????? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ????, ??? ????? ????, ???’ ?????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ????????????. ??????? ??? ???????, ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ???????, ??? ???? ???????: ???????? ??? ?????? ???????, ? ??? ?????? ???????. ?? ??? ????? ?? ????????, ?????? ?? ??? ???????, ?? ?????? ????????? ????? ??????????, ???? ?? ???????? ????????.

Evil… can never be done away with, for the good must always have its foil; neither have they a place in the divine world, for they must needs be haunt this region of our mortal nature. That is why we should make all haste to take flight from this world to the other, and that means becoming like the divine so far as we can, and that again is to become righteous or just with the help of wisdom. But it is no easy matter to convince men that the reasons for avoiding wickedness and seeking after goodness are not those which the world generally gives. The right motivation is not that one should seem innocent and good—for that is no improvement, to my thinking, over an old wives’ tale—but let us state the truth this way. In the divine there is no sign of unrighteousness, only the perfection of righteousness, and nothing is more like the divine than any one of us who becomes as righteous as possible. It is here that a man shows his true nature and power—or he shows his lack of spirit and nothingness. For to realize this is the most profound form of wisdom and the most genuine type of excellence; and failing to recognize it, a man is condemned to be blind and base. All other forms of seeming power and intelligence in those who sit in authority over men are as crude and vulgar as the work of a common tradesman. If a man knows justice in his words and deeds, he had best not persuade himself that he is a great man because he sticks at nothing, glorifying in his shame as men do when they worry about what others think of them. They are not fools, nor useless burdens to the earth, but men who have the craft to weather the storms of public life. Let the truth be told, then. They are what they fancy they are not, all the more for deceiving themselves, for they are ignorant of the very thing it most concerns them to know: the penalty of injustice. This is not, as they imagine, stripes and death, which do not always fall on the wrongdoer, but a penalty they can never escape.

Plato (??????), Theaetetus (?????????) 176a – e (ca. 395 BCE)(transl. after F.M. Cornford).

Share
Single Page

More from Scott Horton:

Six Questions October 18, 2014, 8:00 pm

The APA Grapples with Its Torture Demons: Six Questions for Nathaniel Raymond

Nathaniel Raymond on CIA interrogation techniques.

No Comment, Six Questions June 4, 2014, 8:00 am

Uncovering the Cover Ups: Death Camp in Delta

Mark Denbeaux on the NCIS cover-up of three “suicides” at Guantánamo Bay Detention Camp

From the June 2014 issue

The Guantánamo “Suicides,” Revisited

A missing document suggests a possible CIA cover-up

Get access to 164 years of
Harper’s for only $39.99

United States Canada

CATEGORIES

THE CURRENT ISSUE

November 2014

Stop Hillary!

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

How the Islamic State was Won

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

Cage Wars

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

Everyday Grace

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

view Table Content

FEATURED ON HARPERS.ORG

Article
Stop Hillary!·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

"What Hillary will deliver, then, is more of the same. And that shouldn’t surprise us."
Photograph by Joe Raedle
Article
Cage Wars·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

"In the 1970s, “Chickens’ Lib” was a handful of women in flower-print dresses holding signs, but in the past decade farm hens have become almost a national preoccupation."
Photograph by Adam Dickerson/Big Dutchman USA, courtesy Vande Bunte Farms
Article
Paradise Lost·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

"Suffering Sappho! Here we still are, marching right into yet another century with our glass ceilings, unequal pay, unresolved work and child-care balance, and still marrying, forever marrying, men."
Illustration by Anthony Lister
Article
Off the Land·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

"Nearly half the reservation lives below the poverty line, with unemployment as high as 60 percent, little to no infrastructure, few entitlements, a safety net that never was, no industry to speak of, and a housing crisis that has been dire not for five years but since the reservation’s founding in 1855."
Illustration by Stan Fellows
Post
Introducing the November 2014 Issue·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

Doug Henwood on stopping Hillary Clinton, fighters and potential recruits discuss the rise of the Islamic State, the inevitability of factory farming, and more

Cover photo by Reuters/Jonathan Ernst

Chances that a doctor’s diagnosis of Lyme disease is erroneous:

4 in 5

Engineers were said to be at greater risk of becoming terrorists.

A deaf dog belonging to a deaf owner was shot and killed in Alabama, and an Indiana dog’s skin troubles were found to be caused by an allergy to humans. “It’s just not his fault,” said the owner of Lucky Dog Retreat.

Subscribe to the Weekly Review newsletter. Don’t worry, we won’t sell your email address!

HARPER’S FINEST

In Praise of Idleness

By

I hope that after reading the following pages the leaders of the Y. M. C. A. will start a campaign to induce good young men to do nothing. If so, I shall not have lived in vain.

Subscribe Today