No Comment, Quotation — November 22, 2008, 9:55 am

Plato on the Punishment of the Unjust

el-greco-laokoon

???’???’ ????????? ?? ???? ???????… ?????????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??????–???’ ?? ????? ???? ????????, ??? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ?? ???????. ??? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????. ???? ?? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ???????: ???????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ????????. ???? ???, ? ??????, ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ???????, ?????? ?? ???????, ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????????????, ?? ?’ ??, ??? ?? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ?????: ????? ??? ??? ????? ? ????????? ????? ?????, ?? ???? ????????: ?? ?? ?????? ??? ???????. ???? ?????? ??????? ??????, ???’ ?? ???? ?? ???????????, ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????????? ????? ? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ???????????. ???? ????? ??? ? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????????. ? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???????, ? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????: ?? ?’ ????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????, ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????, ???’ ?? ???? ?? ???????????, ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????????? ????? ? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ???????????. ???? ????? ??? ? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????????. ? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???????, ? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????: ?? ?’ ????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????, ?? ?? ??????? ????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ? ????????? ????? ?????’ ???? ?? ?? ????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????: ?????????? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ????, ??? ????? ????, ???’ ?????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ????????????. ??????? ??? ???????, ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ???????, ??? ???? ???????: ???????? ??? ?????? ???????, ? ??? ?????? ???????. ?? ??? ????? ?? ????????, ?????? ?? ??? ???????, ?? ?????? ????????? ????? ??????????, ???? ?? ???????? ????????.

Evil… can never be done away with, for the good must always have its foil; neither have they a place in the divine world, for they must needs be haunt this region of our mortal nature. That is why we should make all haste to take flight from this world to the other, and that means becoming like the divine so far as we can, and that again is to become righteous or just with the help of wisdom. But it is no easy matter to convince men that the reasons for avoiding wickedness and seeking after goodness are not those which the world generally gives. The right motivation is not that one should seem innocent and good—for that is no improvement, to my thinking, over an old wives’ tale—but let us state the truth this way. In the divine there is no sign of unrighteousness, only the perfection of righteousness, and nothing is more like the divine than any one of us who becomes as righteous as possible. It is here that a man shows his true nature and power—or he shows his lack of spirit and nothingness. For to realize this is the most profound form of wisdom and the most genuine type of excellence; and failing to recognize it, a man is condemned to be blind and base. All other forms of seeming power and intelligence in those who sit in authority over men are as crude and vulgar as the work of a common tradesman. If a man knows justice in his words and deeds, he had best not persuade himself that he is a great man because he sticks at nothing, glorifying in his shame as men do when they worry about what others think of them. They are not fools, nor useless burdens to the earth, but men who have the craft to weather the storms of public life. Let the truth be told, then. They are what they fancy they are not, all the more for deceiving themselves, for they are ignorant of the very thing it most concerns them to know: the penalty of injustice. This is not, as they imagine, stripes and death, which do not always fall on the wrongdoer, but a penalty they can never escape.

Plato (??????), Theaetetus (?????????) 176a – e (ca. 395 BCE)(transl. after F.M. Cornford).

Share
Single Page

More from Scott Horton:

From the April 2015 issue

Company Men

Torture, treachery, and the CIA

Six Questions October 18, 2014, 8:00 pm

The APA Grapples with Its Torture Demons: Six Questions for Nathaniel Raymond

Nathaniel Raymond on CIA interrogation techniques.

No Comment, Six Questions June 4, 2014, 8:00 am

Uncovering the Cover Ups: Death Camp in Delta

Mark Denbeaux on the NCIS cover-up of three “suicides” at Guantánamo Bay Detention Camp

Get access to 164 years of
Harper’s for only $45.99

United States Canada

CATEGORIES

THE CURRENT ISSUE

May 2015

Black Hat, White Hat

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

Beyond the Broken Window

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

In Search of a Stolen Fiddle

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

Displaced in the D.R.

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

The Quietest Place in the Universe

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

view Table Content

FEATURED ON HARPERS.ORG

Post
“Don sucked the last of his drink through his straw and licked his lips. 'The coast, to me, is more interesting than the valley.'”
Photograph by the author
Article
Fred Morton, who died this week in Vienna, at the age of 90, was a longtime contributor to Harper's Magazine and a good friend. "Othello's Son," which was listed as a Notable Essay in Best American Essays 2013, appeared in our September 2013 issue.
Photograph © Alex Gotfryd/CORBIS
Article
Beyond the Broken Window·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

“By the time Bratton left the department, in 2009, Los Angeles had quietly become the most spied-on city in America.”
Illustration by Taylor Callery
Article
Displaced in the D.R.·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

“How is it possible that my birth certificate is invalid if I was born here?”
Photograph by Pierre Michel Jean
Article
The Quietest Place in the Universe·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

“Gaitskell and his colleagues are approaching the revelation of a new order, a new universe, in which even light will be known differently, and darkness as well.”
Painting by Sebastiaan Bremer

Number of African countries with vaccination rates higher than that of the United States:

16

Iowa urologists reported that only a minor portion of locker-room teasing arises from “the presence of excess foreskin”; most teasing targets small penises.

A farmer in Surrey, England, was ordered by the Reigate and Banstead Borough Council to tear down his cannon-equipped castle, which he had built secretly and then concealed behind hay bales.

Subscribe to the Weekly Review newsletter. Don’t worry, we won’t sell your email address!

HARPER’S FINEST

Subways Are for Sleeping

By

“Shelby is waiting for something. He himself does not know what it is. When it comes he will either go back into the world from which he came, or sink out of sight in the morass of alcoholism or despair that has engulfed other vagrants.”

Subscribe Today