No Comment, Quotation — November 22, 2008, 9:55 am

Plato on the Punishment of the Unjust

el-greco-laokoon

???’???’ ????????? ?? ???? ???????… ?????????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??????–???’ ?? ????? ???? ????????, ??? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ?? ???????. ??? ??? ????????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????. ???? ?? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ???????: ???????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ????????. ???? ???, ? ??????, ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ???????, ?????? ?? ???????, ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????????????, ?? ?’ ??, ??? ?? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ?????: ????? ??? ??? ????? ? ????????? ????? ?????, ?? ???? ????????: ?? ?? ?????? ??? ???????. ???? ?????? ??????? ??????, ???’ ?? ???? ?? ???????????, ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????????? ????? ? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ???????????. ???? ????? ??? ? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????????. ? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???????, ? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????: ?? ?’ ????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????, ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????, ???’ ?? ???? ?? ???????????, ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????????? ????? ? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ???????????. ???? ????? ??? ? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????????. ? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???????, ? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????: ?? ?’ ????? ?????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????, ?? ?? ??????? ????????. ?? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ? ????????? ????? ?????’ ???? ?? ?? ????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ?????: ?????????? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ????, ??? ????? ????, ???’ ?????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ????????????. ??????? ??? ???????, ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ???????, ??? ???? ???????: ???????? ??? ?????? ???????, ? ??? ?????? ???????. ?? ??? ????? ?? ????????, ?????? ?? ??? ???????, ?? ?????? ????????? ????? ??????????, ???? ?? ???????? ????????.

Evil… can never be done away with, for the good must always have its foil; neither have they a place in the divine world, for they must needs be haunt this region of our mortal nature. That is why we should make all haste to take flight from this world to the other, and that means becoming like the divine so far as we can, and that again is to become righteous or just with the help of wisdom. But it is no easy matter to convince men that the reasons for avoiding wickedness and seeking after goodness are not those which the world generally gives. The right motivation is not that one should seem innocent and good—for that is no improvement, to my thinking, over an old wives’ tale—but let us state the truth this way. In the divine there is no sign of unrighteousness, only the perfection of righteousness, and nothing is more like the divine than any one of us who becomes as righteous as possible. It is here that a man shows his true nature and power—or he shows his lack of spirit and nothingness. For to realize this is the most profound form of wisdom and the most genuine type of excellence; and failing to recognize it, a man is condemned to be blind and base. All other forms of seeming power and intelligence in those who sit in authority over men are as crude and vulgar as the work of a common tradesman. If a man knows justice in his words and deeds, he had best not persuade himself that he is a great man because he sticks at nothing, glorifying in his shame as men do when they worry about what others think of them. They are not fools, nor useless burdens to the earth, but men who have the craft to weather the storms of public life. Let the truth be told, then. They are what they fancy they are not, all the more for deceiving themselves, for they are ignorant of the very thing it most concerns them to know: the penalty of injustice. This is not, as they imagine, stripes and death, which do not always fall on the wrongdoer, but a penalty they can never escape.

Plato (??????), Theaetetus (?????????) 176a – e (ca. 395 BCE)(transl. after F.M. Cornford).

Share
Single Page

More from Scott Horton:

From the April 2015 issue

Company Men

Torture, treachery, and the CIA

Six Questions October 18, 2014, 8:00 pm

The APA Grapples with Its Torture Demons: Six Questions for Nathaniel Raymond

Nathaniel Raymond on CIA interrogation techniques.

No Comment, Six Questions June 4, 2014, 8:00 am

Uncovering the Cover Ups: Death Camp in Delta

Mark Denbeaux on the NCIS cover-up of three “suicides” at Guantánamo Bay Detention Camp

Get access to 165 years of
Harper’s for only $45.99

United States Canada

CATEGORIES

THE CURRENT ISSUE

July 2015

One Day Less

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

Dressed to Kill

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

Wrong Prescription?

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

Travel Day

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

Fugue State

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

view Table Content

FEATURED ON HARPERS.ORG

Article
Avian Voices·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

“The mockingbird’s bath is an orgy of thrashing and writhing about. When he has finished, one of the innocents alights on the rim of the basin and looks with disbelief at the thimble of water remaining.”
Illustration by Eric Hanson
[Browsings]
Before the War·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

“I’m worried that what the Houthis did to push Yemen into a civil conflict in September 2014, the Saudis may end up doing again when they end their campaign by eliminating the Houthis.”
Photograph by Alex Potter
Article
The Speakeasy·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

“In order to understand how Marty’s could survive as an institution, I returned a year after my first visit to spend a week at what was sure to be the world’s bleakest comedy club.”
Photograph by Mike Slack
Post
The Lost Land·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

“I had first encountered some of these volumes—A Swiftly Tilting Planet, The Giver—as a child, and during adolescence, they registered as postcards from a homeland recently abandoned.”
Photograph by the author
Article
Wrong Prescription?·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

“Whatever the slogans suggested, the A.C.A. was never meant to include everyone.”
Illustration by Taylor Callery

Estimated cost of the environmental damage caused each year by the world’s 3,000 largest companies:

$2,200,000,000,000

Two thirds of U.S. teenagers experience uncontrollable rage.

Beekeepers began extracting 1 million honeybees living beneath the siding of a house in New York State.

Subscribe to the Weekly Review newsletter. Don’t worry, we won’t sell your email address!

HARPER’S FINEST

Subways Are for Sleeping

By

“Shelby is waiting for something. He himself does not know what it is. When it comes he will either go back into the world from which he came, or sink out of sight in the morass of alcoholism or despair that has engulfed other vagrants.”

Subscribe Today