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Between 1503 and 1505, Niccolò Machiavelli was responsible for organizing the defense of the city of Florence. He turned to mercenary units to bolster the defense efforts, with disastrous results. Machiavelli concluded from this experience that mercenaries were dangerous—they were devoted to their pay rather than their sovereign, and they tended to use their military skills to make money with rank indifference to the dictates of law and civil order. Those who use mercenaries may quickly learn that justice requires that they be prosecuted and severely punished, he wrote in Dell’arte della guerra. Five hundred years later, America seems to be busy relearning many of Machiavelli’s lessons.
PBS took a look at the problem of private security contractors in a special episode from its Wide Angle series. The episode is entitled “Once Upon a Coup,” and it focuses on the 2004 attempted coup d’état using mercenaries in Equatorial Guinea. You can identify a broadcaster close to you and a playing time here. I discuss the legal issues surrounding the accountability of private security contractors in this supplemental web feature entitled “The Controversial World of Private Security Contractors,” and an interview with Harper’s Washington editor Ken Silverstein figures in the main feature. You can catch the entire program at the PBS site.
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More from Scott Horton:
No Comment — March 28, 2014, 12:32 pm
On CIA secrecy, torture, and war-making powers
No Comment — November 4, 2013, 5:17 pm
An expert panel concludes that the Pentagon and the CIA ordered physicians to violate the Hippocratic Oath
No Comment — August 12, 2013, 7:55 am
How will the Obama Administration handle Edward Snowden’s case in the long term?
Discussed in this essay:
The Sixth Extinction: An Unnatural History, by Elizabeth Kolbert. Henry Holt. 352 pages. $28.
The extinction symbol is a spare graphic that began to appear on London walls and sidewalks a couple of years ago. It has since become popular enough as an emblem of protest that people display it at environmental rallies. Others tattoo it on their arms. The symbol consists of two triangles inscribed within a circle, like so:
“The triangles represent an hourglass; the circle represents Earth; the symbol as a whole represents, according to a popular Twitter feed devoted to its dissemination (@extinctsymbol, 19.2K followers), “the rapidly accelerating collapse of global biodiversity” — what scientists refer to alternately as the Holocene extinction, the Anthropocene extinction, and (with somewhat more circumspection) the sixth mass extinction.
Percentage of Americans who say they would not enjoy spending time with their own clone:
Mathematicians announced the discovery of the perfect method of cutting a cake.
Alberta dentist Michael Zuk, the owner of a molar that belonged to John Lennon, revealed that he hoped to clone a new Lennon and raise him as a son. “Hopefully keep him away from drugs,” said Zuk, “but, you know, guitar lessons wouldn’t hurt.”
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Science’s crisis of faith