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This disposition to admire, and almost to worship, the rich and the powerful, and to despise, or, at least, to neglect persons of poor and mean condition, though necessary both to establish and to maintain the distinction of ranks and the order of society, is, at the same time, the great and most universal cause of the corruption of our moral sentiments. That wealth and greatness are often regarded with the respect and admiration which are due only to wisdom and virtue; and that the contempt, of which vice and folly are the only proper objects, is often most unjustly bestowed upon poverty and weakness, has been the complaint of moralists in all ages.
–Adam Smith, The Theory of Moral Sentiments pt i, ch iii (1759).
Listen to the uncharacteristically dark, even demonic tones of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Piano Concerto No. 20 in D Minor (KV 466)(1785), performed and conducted by Friedrich Gulda with the Munich Philharmonic. Both Mozart’s father Leopold and his mentor Franz Joseph Haydn were present at the premier, which occurred in a popular Viennese gambling lounge. Both expressed astonishment at the turbulence, darkness and utter brilliance of the work, which in many ways presages Don Giovanni and the Requiem. It was the first concerto composed by Mozart in a minor key. Mozart, the most brilliant artistic figure of his age, lived his entire life from hand to mouth, and lived much of it in poverty. He died destitute and was buried in a potter’s field.
More from Scott Horton:
Six Questions — October 18, 2014, 8:00 pm
Nathaniel Raymond on CIA interrogation techniques.
Mark Denbeaux on the NCIS cover-up of three “suicides” at Guantánamo Bay Detention Camp
From the June 2014 issue
Number of countries thought to possess chemical weapons:
Placebos are more effective if the drugs for which they stand in are said to be more expensive.
In Torrance, California, an African grey parrot named Nigel, who once spoke English with a British accent and had returned home after a four-year absence, began asking for someone named “Larry” and speaking Spanish.
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“I hope that after reading the following pages the leaders of the Y. M. C. A. will start a campaign to induce good young men to do nothing. If so, I shall not have lived in vain.”