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On Wednesday, President Barack Obama, acting on the advice of the Department of Defense, asked Congress to restore the rank and benefits of John Daniel Lavelle, an Air Force general. In 1971, while he was commanding the Seventh Air Force, General Lavelle authorized the bombing of North Vietnamese targets outside the scope of the then disclosed rules of engagement. He was removed from his position and demoted to lieutenant general by Defense Secretary Melvin R. Laird. A congressional uproar ensued, with demands for Lavelle’s courtmartial, and he was demoted further and pressed to resign as a major general. Now, newly declassified and released documents reveal that Lavelle was acting on the direct orders of the White House when he did what he did—a fact of which Laird was aware. The public representations made by President Nixon and Secretary of Defense Laird to the public and to Congress were lies designed to disguise White House orders to step up the bombing of the north while avoiding any negative repercussions to Nixon. General Lavelle died thirty-one years ago, after having been driven from the military in disgrace, his long career trashed in the interests of Republican electoral politics.
Rachel Maddow does a marvelous job of working this material up, blending in archived footage from the Nixon tapes to carry the story from beginning to end. This is one of the most effective Vietnam-era history lessons in recent memory:
More from Scott Horton:
Six Questions — October 18, 2014, 8:00 pm
Nathaniel Raymond on CIA interrogation techniques.
Mark Denbeaux on the NCIS cover-up of three “suicides” at Guantánamo Bay Detention Camp
Trudy Lieberman reports on the failed promise of the Affordable Care Act, Sarah A. Topol explores Ukraine’s struggle for a national identity, Dave Madden spends a week in Hollywood’s toughest comedy club, and more
Number of insect fragments allowed by the FDA in a standard jar of peanut butter:
It emerged that, in trying to count her rings, marine geologists had accidentally killed a 507-year-old clam named Ming.
A resident of Chalk Level Township in Missouri discovered the bodies of three dogs packed inside dog-food bags.
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“Shelby is waiting for something. He himself does not know what it is. When it comes he will either go back into the world from which he came, or sink out of sight in the morass of alcoholism or despair that has engulfed other vagrants.”