Publisher's Note — April 8, 2016, 2:07 pm

The Antiglobalists

“Both Sanders and Trump affirm their determination to rebuild an America weakened by unhealthy relationships with the outside world.”

A version of this column originally ran in Le Devoir on April 4, 2016. Translated from the French by John Cullen.

During a recent visit to the Dominican Republic, I gave a lot of thought to “globalization”—a concept much discussed and much disputed in the current U.S. presidential campaign. Santo Domingo, the Dominican capital, was the first European-style city in the New World—the realization of the global ambitions cherished by Christopher Columbus and the Spanish monarchy—and my stay there prompted me to reflect on the frankly antiglobalist discourse that’s dominating the debate among the leading presidential candidates.

Donald Trump denounces almost everything that comes from outside the U.S. (excluding, of course, his wife, Melania). From free-trade agreements negotiated by “losers” at America’s expense to the insidious Mexican immigrants who are poaching our jobs to the numerous overseas military stupidities committed by both Republican and Democratic governments, the real-estate billionaire paints a horrendous portrait of the lands beyond our borders.

“We’re living in a very vicious world,” he declared to Anderson Cooper of CNN last Tuesday. “You look at what the world is doing to us at every level, whether it’s militarily or in trade . . . The world is taking advantage of us, and it’s driving us into literally being a Third World nation.” Therefore Trump would like to withdraw from this mean-spirited world, which persecutes innocent America, and erect barriers. “We’re a poor country now,” he told the editorial board of the Washington Post.

Bernie Sanders seems to be less scared, globally speaking. He often refers to his Polish roots, and his older brother immigrated to England. But Sanders also rails against free trade and the invasion of Iraq, even though he’s more sympathetic than Trump toward people perceived as “the other.” Both men affirm their determination to rebuild an America weakened by unhealthy relationships with the outside world.

Lord knows I’m disgusted by the ravages of American-style globalization: the Vietnam War; the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA); the invasion of Iraq; the overthrow of Gaddafi; the virtually permanent war in Afghanistan; etc. It’s hard to point to a single real success in Washington’s foreign policy since the end of World War II (it was Gorbachev, not Reagan, who “won” the Cold War).

However, the beauty of Santo Domingo’s Colonial Zone makes me hesitate in my criticism. The cathedral, which mingles elements of Gothic and Plateresque styles, is remarkable. So are the verdant little streets and alleys, the shady, tranquil squares, and the pleasing architecture of the colonial buildings, still vibrantly inhabited and alive after many centuries. You could spend hours just strolling around.

But wait. Wasn’t all this the creation of “globalist” Spaniards, whose cruelty is legendary? Is this not, in fact, the birthplace of the modern West’s murderous globalization? In our day, it’s fashionable to call the arrival of Christopher Columbus and, later, of his brother Bartholomew on the island of Hispaniola the prelude to genocide. When I went walking on Calle Las Damas, I felt the presence of those first, Italian-born conquistadores, and of the architects and draftsmen who accompanied them. According to my guidebook, to walk along that street is “to retrace the steps of the first Spanish Explorers, who used Santo Domingo as a base for the conquest of Latin America.” But the Spanish also used it for the near extinction of the indigenous peoples, notably the Taíno tribe, who largely disappeared from Hispaniola after having endured slavery, rape, and, in 1518, a smallpox epidemic. There are some real innocents for you, natives slaughtered by the “civilizing mission” of a world in search of gold and souls to enrich the aristocracy of Madrid and the sovereign Pontiff of Rome.

The paradox of this lovely section of Santo Domingo, built on indigenous corpses, puts me in mind of the big Mexican cities along the Rio Grande, towns swollen by NAFTA, overflowing with factories and badly paid, badly housed workers, they too victims of Western adventurers. There aren’t so many dead bodies, some beautiful buildings still adorn the streets, but all the same, considerable damage is being done.

According to John Gray, the great British critic of free trade, “today’s project of a single universal market is America’s universal mission co-opted by its neo-conservative ascendancy.” Writing in his seminal book, False Dawn: The Delusions of Global Capitalism, Gray argues, “Earlier this century, the American messianic tradition had a noble and generous expression in the Rooseveltian liberalism that helped defeat Nazism in Europe. . . . The free market has displaced this American liberal tradition.” These days, the American businessman leaves for foreign lands not in order to convert pagans but to make them work cheaply. This is an attack on the world. Trump has sufficient crude intelligence to understand that, but isolated by the money he inherited and enclosed in his hideous tower, he’s not really a man of the world. If ordinary people see him as a messiah, God help them. 

Share
Single Page

More from John R. MacArthur:

Publisher's Note August 7, 2019, 3:14 pm

Censorship

“Nor would I leave to Emmanuel Macron and Mark Zuckerberg, both of them politicians first and foremost, the job of regulating anything that has to do with words or language.”

Publisher's Note July 12, 2019, 10:47 am

American Greatness

Publisher's Note June 10, 2019, 12:05 pm

My French Side

Get access to 169 years of
Harper’s for only $23.99

United States Canada

CATEGORIES

THE CURRENT ISSUE

October 2019

FEATURED ON HARPERS.ORG

Article
Secrets and Lies·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

In 1973, when Barry Singer was a fifteen-year-old student at New York’s Yeshiva University High School for Boys, the vice principal, Rabbi George Finkelstein, stopped him in a stairwell. Claiming he wanted to check his tzitzit—the strings attached to Singer’s prayer shawl—Finkelstein, Singer says, pushed the boy over the third-floor banister, in full view of his classmates, and reached down his pants. “If he’s not wearing tzitzit,” Finkelstein told the surrounding children, “he’s going over the stairs!”

“He played it as a joke, but I was completely at his mercy,” Singer recalled. For the rest of his time at Yeshiva, Singer would often wear his tzitzit on the outside of his shirt—though this was regarded as rebellious—for fear that Finkelstein might find an excuse to assault him again.

Article
Good Bad Bad Good·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

About fifteen years ago, my roommate and I developed a classification system for TV and movies. Each title was slotted into one of four categories: Good-Good; Bad-Good; Good-Bad; Bad-Bad. The first qualifier was qualitative, while the second represented a high-low binary, the title’s aspiration toward capital-A Art or lack thereof.

Some taxonomies were inarguable. The O.C., a Fox series about California rich kids and their beautiful swimming pools, was delightfully Good-Bad. Paul Haggis’s heavy-handed morality play, Crash, which won the Oscar for Best Picture, was gallingly Bad-Good. The films of Francois Truffaut, Good-Good; the CBS sitcom Two and a Half Men, Bad-Bad.

Post
Poem for Harm·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

Reflections on harm in language and the trouble with Whitman

Article
Constitution in Crisis·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

America’s Constitution was once celebrated as a radical and successful blueprint for democratic governance, a model for fledgling republics across the world. But decades of political gridlock, electoral corruption, and dysfunction in our system of government have forced scholars, activists, and citizens to question the document’s ability to address the thorniest issues of modern ­political life.

Does the path out of our current era of stalemate, minority rule, and executive abuse require amending the Constitution? Do we need a new constitutional convention to rewrite the document and update it for the twenty-­first century? Should we abolish it entirely?

This spring, Harper’s Magazine invited five lawmakers and scholars to New York University’s law school to consider the constitutional crisis of the twenty-­first century. The event was moderated by Rosa Brooks, a law professor at Georgetown and the author of How Everything Became War and the Military Became Everything: Tales from the Pentagon.

Article
Life after Life·

= Subscribers only.
Sign in here.
Subscribe here.

For time ylost, this know ye,
By no way may recovered be.
—Chaucer

I spent thirty-eight years in prison and have been a free man for just under two. After killing a man named Thomas Allen Fellowes in a drunken, drugged-up fistfight in 1980, when I was nineteen years old, I was sentenced to life without the possibility of parole. Former California governor Jerry Brown commuted my sentence and I was released in 2017, five days before Christmas. The law in California, like in most states, grants the governor the right to alter sentences. After many years of advocating for the reformation of the prison system into one that encourages rehabilitation, I had my life restored to me.

Cost of renting a giant panda from the Chinese government, per day:

$1,500

A recent earthquake in Chile was found to have shifted the city of Concepción ten feet to the west, shortened Earth’s days by 1.26 microseconds, and shifted the planet’s axis by nearly three inches.

A group of researchers studying the Loch Ness Monster did not rule out the possibility of its existence, but speculated that it is possibly a giant eel.

Subscribe to the Weekly Review newsletter. Don’t worry, we won’t sell your email address!

HARPER’S FINEST

Happiness Is a Worn Gun

By

“Nowadays, most states let just about anybody who wants a concealed-handgun permit have one; in seventeen states, you don’t even have to be a resident. Nobody knows exactly how many Americans carry guns, because not all states release their numbers, and even if they did, not all permit holders carry all the time. But it’s safe to assume that as many as 6 million Americans are walking around with firearms under their clothes.”

Subscribe Today