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Percentage change in the rate of global carbon emissions in 2014 : 0

Number of previous years on record in which the global economy grew and the carbon-emission rate did not : 0

Percentage of lights in Aleppo that have been extinguished since the beginning of the Syrian civil war : 97

Minimum number of pro–Islamic State accounts Twitter has suspended since October 2014 : 20,000

Minimum number of Syrian adults the Islamic State has recruited since January : 120

Of Syrian children : 400

Amount the National Shooting Sports Foundation has given to collegiate shooting programs since 2009 : $1,118,580

Percentage of women’s college-sports teams that had female coaches in 1972 : 90

That do today : 43

Amount by which the average annual salary of a male nurse exceeds that of a female nurse in the United States : $5,100

Factor by which the number of full-time minimum-wage workers exceeds that of securities-industry workers : 10

By which the total amount of securities-industry bonuses exceeded the cumulative earnings of minimum-wage workers in 2014 : 2

Percentage of political contributions made by pizza companies that go to Republicans : 88

Number of times that Republican state attorneys general jointly filed lawsuits against the Clinton Administration : 5

Against the Obama Administration : 68

Percentage of New York City’s population that is lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender : 4

Of Salt Lake City’s population : 4.7

Portion of U.S. medical students who say that they are uncomfortable caring for transgender patients : 2/5

Average cost of a hospital stay in the United States : $12,000

In Germany : $5,000

Portion of U.S. fast-food workers reporting burns at work who are told by managers to apply condiments to the burns : 1/3

Portion of U.S. firefighters who are overweight or obese : 4/5

Percentage change in the U.S. smoking rate since 2004 : –16

In revenue from U.S. cigarette sales : +36

Portion of cities in Washington State that have banned marijuana shops since the drug was legalized there in 2012 : 1/3

Percentage change since 1999 in the number of drug-overdose deaths among white U.S. women aged 15 to 54 : 382

Percentage of substances seized by the DEA and believed to be ecstasy that test positive for MDMA : 13

Number of U.S. drug-enforcement agents who have admitted to attending sex parties hosted by Colombian drug cartels : 7

Number of accusations of rape, sexual assault, or sex trafficking made against United Nations peacekeepers last year : 51

Percentage of Afghan inmates who say they have been tortured during imprisonment : 35

Number of criminal prosecutions for torture in Afghanistan since 2010 : 1

Percentage of Russians who had a negative view of the United States in 2013 : 25

Who do today : 81

Exchange rate between Venezuelan bolivares and U.S. dollars, as set by the Venezuelan government : 6 to 1

As set by the Venezuelan black market : 250 to 1

Minimum amount New York City has spent to remove wet wipes from the sewer system since 2010 : $18,000,000

Estimated value of the metal particles in U.S. sewage : $3,316,000,000

Factor by which single Americans who use emoji are more likely than other single Americans to be sexually active : 1.85

Estimated number of people forced into marriage in the United States between 2009 and 2011 : 3,000

Minimum number of starving sea lions that have beached themselves on the California coast this year : 1,450

Figures cited are the latest available as of April 2015.

“Harper’s Index” is a registered trademark.

June Index Sources

1,2 International Energy Agency (Paris)
3 Xi Li, University of Maryland (College Park)
4 Brookings Institution (Washington)
5,6 Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (Coventry, England)
7 National Shooting Sports Foundation (Newtown, Conn.)
8,9 Acosta/Carpenter (West Brookfield, Mass.)
10 Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies (San Francisco)
11 Office of the New York State Comptroller (N.Y.C.)
12 Institute for Policy Studies (Washington)
13 Center for Responsive Politics (Washington)
14,15 Paul Nolette, Marquette University (Milwaukee)
16,17 Gallup (Los Angeles)
18 Joshua D. Safer, Boston University School of Medicine
19,20 OECD (Paris)
21 Hart Research Associates (Washington)
22 Institute for Biobehavioral Health Research (Leawood, Kan.)
23 Gallup (Princeton, N.J.)
24 Euromonitor International (Chicago)
25 Municipal Research and Services Center (Seattle)
26 Urban Institute (Washington)
27 U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration
28 Office of the Inspector General, U.S. Department of Justice
29 United Nations Departments of Peacekeeping Operations and Field Support (N.Y.C.)
30,31 United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (N.Y.C.)
32,33 Levada Center (Moscow)
34,35 Girish Gupta (London)
36 N.Y.C. Department of Environmental Protection
37 Paul Westerhoff, Arizona State University (Tempe)
38 Justin Garcia, Kinsey Institute (Bloomington, Ind.)
39 Tahirih Justice Center (Falls Church, Va.)
40 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (Long Beach, Calif.)

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June 2015

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