Findings — From the June 2015 issue

Findings

Older U.S. kindergartners do better than their peers when they reach elementary and middle school but are more likely to drop out of high school and become felons. Approximately 3.6 million Americans are impulsively angry and carry guns in public. British men do not find heroism of any kind sexy in women. Hostile dominance raises blood pressure in young husbands but not in their wives; warm dominance lowers blood pressure in young wives but not in their husbands. Use of “I” and “me” goes down 69 percent in the tweets of the recently engaged. Narcissists do not overuse first-person singular pronouns, but they are more likely to be men. Some prepsychotic adolescents are not truly cold and callous but just upset and sad. Children’s perception of cooties resides in the amygdala; after puberty, that faculty is repurposed for crushes. Lesions to the sagittal stratum impair the processing of sarcasm. Psychological profiling and textual analysis attributed authorship of Double Falsehood to Shakespeare. Many Danes with ADHD die in accidents. Nightmares among Finns are anticipated by insomnia, exhaustion, and negative attitude toward the self. Chronic loneliness increases old Americans’ visits to the doctor. It may be best to buy U.S. Treasury bonds in the spring, when investors are depressed. Israeli psychiatrists are twice as likely to misdiagnose mental illness in Mizrahi Jews as in Ashkenazim. Psychologists posited that humans developed a “mate ejection module” to facilitate breakups. Eighty-seven percent of college students say they have acted like the protagonist in this scenario: “Harper is sending a text message to Harper’s significant other to report where Harper is.” Birds, too, may possess self-consciousness.

A study published in The Condor reported that trapped brown-headed cowbirds fed a diet of white millet, game-bird chow, and sunflower seeds in Tippecanoe County, Indiana, appear more alert when a remote-controlled plane flying toward them is fitted with LEDs with a wavelength of 4,700 angstroms. Portuguese cats being spayed benefit from listening to Samuel Barber’s Adagio for Strings but suffer from AC/DC’s “Thunderstruck.” An environmental sociologist who divided dog owners’ defecation-management strategies into “traditional,” “responsible,” and “furtive” types suggested that “the poop lying on the pavement nicely wrapped up in a plastic bag can be understood as a form of collective communication to the dog-less outside world: ‘Look, I tried, but. . . .’ ” Recipients of the Earned Income Tax Credit spend only 11 percent of the credit on “treats.” New Hampshire considered banning chocolate as black-bear bait. Saudi Arabia refused entry to four Swedish pygmy marmosets. U.S. researchers developed a training schedule for common marmosets running on treadmills. Primatologists analyzed the calls of the lar gibbon, noting distinct alarm hoos for clouded leopards, pythons, and raptors, and non-alarm hoos for neighborly interactions and romantic duets. The boatwhistles of the Lusitanian toadfish were proved to function as male-to-male warnings. All ticks who afflict the nostrils of Malagasy diademed sifakas are male.

Shallow convective parameterizations are crucial in models of the Madden–Julian Oscillation, enzymatic catalysis can cause the Diels–Alder Reaction, and a solution exists to the Fermi–Pasta–Ulam Problem. Brontosaurus was restored as a genus, and cannibalism was reported in tyrannosaurine dinosaurs. The largest asteroid-impact crater on Earth was found in Australia. The collision of planetesimals with early Earth made it rain iron. DNA tests identified the perpetrator of 100 semen attacks in the Tokyo subway. No locomotive disadvantage is evident in wide-hipped women. Men find a 45.5-degree back-to-buttock angle optimally attractive, independent of buttock size; psychologists theorized that this vertebral architecture would have allowed pregnant women to forage without suffering lumbar injury. It was suspected that Lucy’s skeleton includes a stray baboon vertebra. Terrestrial foods cannot compensate polar bears for the loss of ice seals. Cape fur seals have been attacking blue sharks and eating their organs. A Florida bobcat dragged an Atlantic sharpnose shark from the sea, then ran away.

“Signal Hill, Los Angeles, California 2015,” “Exxon, Baytown, Texas 2014,” and “Navajo Refinery, Artesia, New Mexico 2014,” wet-plate collodion tintypes on fifty-five-gallon oil-drum lids by David Emitt Adams, whose work was on view in April at AIPAD, in New York City. Courtesy the artist and Etherton Gallery, Tucson, Arizona

“Signal Hill, Los Angeles, California 2015,” “Exxon, Baytown, Texas 2014,” and “Navajo Refinery, Artesia, New Mexico 2014,” wet-plate collodion tintypes on fifty-five-gallon oil-drum lids by David Emitt Adams, whose work was on view in April at AIPAD, in New York City.
Courtesy the artist and Etherton Gallery, Tucson, Arizona

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